The CBT takes a wider perspective on work, including both paid and unpaid work situated in a wide spectrum of formal and informal settings. Examples include but not restricted to, gainful employment; work trial without employment relationship; work exposure programmes such as job tasting, job shadowing, placement, internship, and work mentorship; volunteer work of different kinds and many other forms of unrecognized informal work such as serious leisure, carer work, DIY work, neighbourhood provisioning, etc. This expanded notion does not deny the importance of work and its positive inclusionary impact on both individual and community levels, but it helps further unpack the complexity of work in an ever changing society like Hong Kong. This can help shed light on broadening the horizon of career and life planning and generating innovations inspired by the interlocking principles of “work for youth, work with youth, and work by youth”.

Responsibilities of the CBT

  • To conduct evidence-based research that will contribute to service outcome evaluation and service model building;
  • To develop a best practice manual;
  • To implement an award scheme recognizing the achievements of young people in overcoming adversity and challenges in their career and life planning journey


  • To develop an effective and community-based intervention model which is conducive to unleashing youth’s talents and developing their positive values and competence towards achieving personal career and life goals.
  • To engage multiple stakeholders across sectors to provide a supportive infrastructure for facilitating the youth participants’ pursuing multiple careers and life planning pathways;

Target groups

Five district service teams have been established in Hong Kong Island, Kowloon East, Kowloon West, New Territories East and New Territories West to serve young people usually aged 15 to 21, who are uncertain of their future and their career and life goals. The targets include out-of-school youths as well as students with specific needs in ten network schools, high risk school dropouts and school leavers with need of career and life planning service which are referred by the SBT.

  1. The out-of-school youths are defined as follows:
    • Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET) (including young people who are unemployed, disengaged, discouraged or unavailable)
    • At risk of becoming NEET (including school dropouts, early school leavers, underemployed young people)
  2. Students with specific needs in ten network schools or high risk school dropouts and school leavers with need of career and life planning service referred by the SBT including those who are:
    • Non-Chinese speaking
    • With special educational needs
    • Unmotivated/ demotivated
    • New-arrivals
    • Cross-border students

The scope of the work of the District Service Teams

The services provided by the five District Service Teams (DSTs) include, but not limited to:

  • Provide career and life planning services for out-of-school youths in one of the five districts of Hong Kong
  • Provide tailor-made career and life planning services jointly with the SBT for students with special needs in the ten network schools;
  • Support 40 mainstream schools in serving students with special needs and follow up on the schools leavers, whenever necessary;
  • Conduct education programmes for the public, parents and the business sector
  • Mobilize community resources to create multiple pathways for the youth; and
  • Assist in implementing the award scheme.

Community-based Team

Principal Investigator Prof. WONG Cheong Wing Victor
(Professor, Hong Kong Baptist University)
Co-Principal Investigator Prof. TO Siu Ming
(Assistant Professor, The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Investigators Dr. CHO Yin Nei Esther
(Assistant Professor, Hong Kong Baptist University)
Dr. PAN Jiayan
(Assistant Professor, Hong Kong Baptist University)
Dr. LEUNG Shui King Sharon
(Lecturer, Hong Kong Baptist University)
Five District-based Service Teams
run by Non-governmental Organizations(NGOs)
Hong Kong Young Women's Christian Association
(Hong Kong Island)
The Boys’ and Girls’ Clubs Association of Hong Kong
(Kowloon East)
Hong Kong Christian Service (Kowloon West)
Hong Kong Children and Youth Services (NT East)
Evangelical Lutheran Church Social Service – Hong Kong (NT West)